Comité français des aérosols
Lexique
enfrDescriptionDirective
ActuatorDiffuseur, bouton poussoirA device used to spray and distribute the product. 
ADRADR"European agreement relating to the transport of Dangerous goods by road”. International and European regulation, drafted in Geneva, on 30/9/57, by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. 
AerosolAérosol 1. Suspension of very fine, solid or liquid particles in a gas. - 2. By extension, non-refillable packaging containing a pressurized, compressed, liquefied or dissolved gas used to distribute this suspension, synonym of aerosol dispenser. 
Aerosol canBoîtier aérosolBody of the aerosol dispenser: pressurised metal packaging that cannot be reused, designed to be equipped with a valve. 
Aerosol dispenserGénérateur d'aérosols"An assembly consisting of a non-reusable recipient made of metal, glass or plastic, containing a compressed, liquefied or dissolved gas, with or without liquid, paste or powder and equipped with a device enabling the content to leave it in the form of solid or liquid particles in suspension in a gas, or in the form of foam, paste or powder, or in the liquid state."EEC Dir. 75/324
Bag-on valveValve à pocheValve onto which a bag is fixed: it contains the active product thus separated from the propellant 
Brimful volumeContenance ou Capacité TotaleGross capacity up to the brim.Ranges Directive 80/232/EEC – Aerosol Directive 75/324/EEC
Burst pressurePression de ruptureThe lowest pressure at which the aerosol dispenser recipient will open or burst. It must be at least equal to 1.2 times the test pressureAerosol Directive 75/324/EEC
ButaneButaneHydrocarbon consisting of 4 linear-chain C atoms and gaseous at ambient T and P. It is used as a liquefied gas propellant to replace CFCs. 
CapCapuchon ou CapotA part, often made of plastic, used to protect the spray cap. 
Carbon dioxideDioxide de carboneCO2, gas or carbon dioxide. It can be used as a gas propellant and belongs to the family of compressed gases. 
CFCCFCShort for ChloroFluoroCarbon. Molecules, also referred to as "Freons", consisting solely of Chlorine, Fluorine and Carbon atoms. As they were accused of contributing to the destruction of the stratospheric ozone layer, CFCs have not been used as gas propellants in aerosols since 1989. 
ClinchingSertissageDistortion of the valve from the outside inwards to seal it onto the neck of the recipient (20mm valves) 
Common industrial wasteDéchets Industriels Banals (DIB)Common industrial waste is non-dangerous and non-inert waste produced by industries and trading, craft and service companies. This waste goes through the same treatment lines as Domestic waste. Industrial and commercial packaging waste is common industrial waste. 
Compartmented aerosol canAérosol à compartimentsA can including (2 or more) separate compartments for the active ingredient and the gas propellant. 
Compressed gazGaz compriméGas propellant without liquid phase (pressurized gas, slightly dissolved in the active phase: CO2, N2O, N2, Air). 
CrimpingDuggeonnageDistortion of the valve from the inside outwards with a view to sealing it onto the neck of the recipient (1-inch valves). 
Declared volume, fill volumeVolume de la Phase liquideVolume of active product and liquid propellant combinedRanges Directive 80/232/EEC - Aerosol Directive 75/324/EEC
Dimethyl etherDiméthyl Ether (DME)Oxygenated hydrocarbon that is gaseous at ambient T and P. Used as liquefied gas propellant to replace CFCs. 
Dip TubeTube plongeurPlastic tube which takes the liquid phase to the valve inside the aerosol dispenser. 
Directive 94/1Directive 94/1European directive amending the “Aerosol directive”, particularly on labelling.Order dated 24/1/95, Decree dated 3/2/97
Directive 94/62Directive 94/62Directive relating to Packaging and packaging waste, transposed on 20/7/98 into decree No. 98-638 “Taking into account environmental requirements in the design and manufacture of packaging”.Decree No. 98-638 dated 20/70/98
Domestic wasteDéchets ménagersDomestic waste is produced by the daily domestic activity of households. The quantity of domestic waste is 400 kg/inhab./year on average. 
Door-to-door collectionCollecte porte à porteWaste collection consisting in organising the rounds of collection trucks to consumers’ homes. 
eeCertifies compliance with EEC Directive 75/106.EEC Dir 75/106 and EEC Dir 76/211
Eco-EmballageEco-EmballageFrench private company approved by public authorities. Its mission is to recycle 75% of domestic packaging waste by 2002. 
EEC directive 75/324Directive 75/324/CEEEuropean directive referred to as the “Aerosol directive”. This directive is the basis of the regulation relating to aerosols and was amended particularly by Directive 94/1.Order dated 6/1/78
EEC directive 80/232 European directive relating to the Ranges of nominal quantities and capacities permitted for certain pre-packaging.Order dated 17/10/84
Flash pointPoint d'éclairThe flash point of a liquid is the lowest temperature at which it emits sufficient vapour to form an ignitable mixture in air near the surface of the liquid or in the recipient used for testsDirective 94/1/CE, Directive 67/548/CEE
FreonFréonTrade name of a family of gas propellants, synonym of CFCs. They are no longer used in aerosols. 
GHG (GreenHouse Gaz)GES (Gaz à effet de serre)Greenhouse gas such as CO2. 
Global WarmingRechauffement climatique  
Global Warming PotentialGWPFigure referring to a quantity of global warming caused by a substance. Using it, substances can be classified by their earth warming potential. For instance, CO2 has a GWP of 1. 
Green dotPoint VertSymbol proving payment of the Eco-Emballage membership fee 
Greenhouse effectEffet de serre  
HCFCHCFCHydroChloroFluoroCarbons. Molecules consisting of Hydrogen, Chlorine, Fluorine and Carbon atoms considered to contribute to the disappearance of the stratospheric ozone, like CFCs, to a lesser extent. HCFCs have therefore never been used in aerosols. 
HFCHFCHydroFluoroCarbons. Molecules consisting solely of Hydrogen, Fluorine, Chlorine and Carbon atoms. HFCs are not involved in the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. Certain HFCs (HFC 134a and HFC 152a) are used as gas propellants. 
IATAIATA"International Air Transport Association" which has adopted the ICAO regulation for the transport of dangerous goods by air. 
ICAOOACIThe “International Civil Aviation Organization” is a division of the UNO responsible for the safety of air transport 
Iinternal pressurePression interneInternal pressure read on a pressure 
Inverted epsilonEpsilon inversé ?Certifies compliance with requirements of the Aerosol Directive. 
Iso ButaneIso ButaneBranch hydrocarbon made up of 4 C atoms gaseous at ambient T and P. It is used as liquefied gas propellant to replace CFCs. 
Kyoto ProtocolProtocole de KyotoInternational Treaty (1997) in favour of limiting greenhouse gas emissions 
LabellingEtiquetageCompulsory marking to be put on aerosols.EC Directive 94/1 + others
Limited Quantities (LQ)Quantités LimitéesTerm used in transport regulations; it refers to an exemption scheme provided by the UN to encourage the distribution of dangerous substances in small amounts. This scheme varies according to the mode of transport. 
Liquified gazGaz liquéfiéGas propellant with liquid phase (pressurized gas and liquid gas, whether mixed or not with the active phase: hydrocarbons, DME, HFC exceptionally) 
Material Reclamation Facility (MRF)Centre de triMaterial reclamation facilities are industrial facilities in charge of sorting and packaging waste in accordance with the minimum technical requirements or with recycling plant specifications. 
Materials recyclingRecyclage matièreRecycling network and method to process waste from a defined material; term above all used for plastics. 
Montreal ProtocolProtocole de MontréalInternational Treaty (1987) limiting emissions of substances that deplete the stratospheric ozone layer 
Nitrous oxideProtoxyde d'AzoteN2O, gas commonly known as laughing gas which can be used as a gas propellant. It belongs to the family of compressed gases. 
NozzleBuseA part added to the actuator which makes the spray output finer. 
OzoneOzone  
Ozone layerCouche d'ozone  
PropanePropaneHydrocarbon consisting of 3 linear-chain C atoms, gaseous at ambient T and P. It is used as liquefied gas propellant to replace CFCs. 
PropellantGaz PropulseurGas used in aerosol dispensers to propel their content outside when pressure is exerted on the actuator. 
RecyclingRecyclageRecycling consists in reprocessing waste in a production process for their initial purpose or other purposes (this includes organic recycling but not energy recycling). Recycling means that the waste can then be reintegrated into the economic circuit. 
RemovalEliminationPutting waste in landfill without reclamation. 
RIDRID"Regulations concerning the International carriage of Dangerous goods by Rail". European regulation on the carriage of dangerous goods by rail. 
Safety data sheetFiche de Données de Sécurité (FDS)Compulsory standard European sheet indicating all information relating to the safe use of dangerous products. Contains 16 chapters. It must be sent to the consignee before any delivery of an industrial product in Europe and supplied on request and at no cost.EC Dir 2001/58 – Order dated 5/1/93 - NF standard ISO 11014-1
Separate collectionCollecte sélectiveSet of operations consisting in collecting waste put in containers provided for that purpose, to transport them to a dedicated place for sorting, processing or storing. 
side stripeRechampissageStrip of internal varnish which protects the weld of a tinplate can 
SolventsSolvantsSubstances which, in the liquid state, have the property of dissolving certain solids and certain gases and of mixing closely with other liquids. 
Special industrial wasteDéchets Industriels Spéciaux (DIS)Special industrial waste is waste specific to the industrial activity which generates it. It includes noxious or dangerous elements which must be removed in specialised centres. The list of such dangerous waste is defined in the Decree dated 15th May 1997.Decree dated 15/5/97
Specific collectionCollecte spécifiqueSpecific waste processing network ("cumbersome waste", plant waste, office waste, etc.). 
StemGicleurCalibrated orifice at the output of the valve. By extension: stem on which the actuator is positioned. 
StratosphereStratosphèreLayer of the Earth’s atmosphere above the troposphere, and approximately 30 km thick. It plays an important role in filtering cosmic and UV rays. 
Test pressure or reversal pressurePression d'épreuve (1ère déformation, retournement du fond, éclatement)The internal pressure that empty cans must be able to withstand for 25 seconds during the statistical acceptance test. It must be at least equal to 1.5 times the internal pressure of the dispensers at 50°C, with a minimum of 10 bars. If the pressure is increased, the first distortion appears, then the reversal of the base and finally the burst.Aerosol Directive 75/324/EEC
Tinplate steelFer blancSoft, tinned steel sheet (with low carbon content). 
TroposphereTroposphèreLayer of the Earth’s atmosphere the closest to the Earth, the thickness of which increases from the pole (6 km) to the equator (17 km). 
Ultra VioletUltraVioletUV radiation. UVA: radiation having a wavelength between 320 and 400 nanometres. UVB: radiation having a wavelength between 280 and 320 nanometres. 
Use for energy purposesValorisation énergétiqueUse for energy purposes means the combustion of substances or waste in an incinerator with recovery of energy, in the form of heat or electricity, and cleaning of fumes 
ValveValveDevice which when actuated expulses the content of the aerosol dispenser. 
Vapour pressureTension de vapeurPressure in a purged recipient which contains a liquefied gas 
VOC - Volatile Organic CompoundsCOVVolatile Organic Compounds. In certain conditions, some VOCs are involved in forming the tropospheric ozone. 
Voluntary depositApport volontaireWaste collection consisting in consumers depositing their waste in bins made available to them. 
Waste reclamationValorisationWaste reclamation is the opposite of purely and simply eliminating waste, i.e. by burying or incinerating it without recovering any energy or heat. The main methods of reclamation recognised by European legislation are: - use as fuel or another means of producing energy (use for energy purposes) - recycling or recovery of solvents or other organic substances (including composting and other biological conversions) - recycling or recovery of metals or metal compounds - recycling or recovery of other inorganic matters - regeneration or other re-uses of oils. 
Waste treatment centreDéchetterieCentre for recyclable waste. 
wather Bath (WB)Bain d'EauUnit test of products marketed in Europe. Compulsory safety test during which the products are immerged in water > 50°C. This enables the pressure resistance to be checked and possible leakages to be found on each product.Aerosol directive 75/324/EEC
WeldCordon de soudureWelding bead used to join the two ends of the steel sheet forming the body of a tinplate can. The weld must be continuous to ensure its waterproof quality and pressure resistance.